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Paneer Cheese, How to Make it?
How To Make Paneer

Mamta Gupta

Paneer, also known as Chena, is a freshly made cheese that is used in Indian cooking in various forms. It can be added to curries, rice dishes like pulao (pilau/pilaf) and biryanies, made into sweets like Rasgullas, savoury snacks like Paneer Pakora, added to stuffings for vegetables and grilled with a Tandoori coating. Search for 'paneer' for many other recipes.

Paneer is a good source of protein for vegetarians. In UK, India and some parts of USA, you can buy ready made paneer in blocks from some Indian grocers. However, it is quite easy to make at home.

Paneer freezes well, as long as it has been pressed hard before. Otherwise, the water in it can make it crumple when you defrost. Another way of freezing is to cut it into bite sized cubes, deep fry them quickly in quite hot oil so it turns brown but remain soft inside. Cool the cubes and then freeze them.

Edited November 2017

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2 litre milk. Best milk for making cheese is full fat, 'blue top' in UK. Skimmed milk makes a little harder cheese. It will make approximately 225 gm. of Making Paneer.
1-3 tbsp. lemon juice/vinegar. Bottled juice will do. Mature yoghurt or 1/2 tsp. citric acid in a little water can also be used to curdle the milk.
A large handkerchief or muslin


1.Curdling milk on a stove: Boil milk in a heavy bottomed pan. Keep stirring from time to time to make sure that it does not "catch" at the bottom, otherwise it will have a terrible, burnt smell. If it catches, taste it. If it tastes burnt, you have to discard the milk and start all over again with fresh milk. Therefore, it is important that you use a heavy bottom pan and keep stirring frequently and not allow it to 'catch'.
2.Once the milk is boiling, turn the heat doff and add lemon juice/vinegar, 1 tablespoon at a time, stirring each spoon in, until milk curdles into lumps and the whey looks almost transparent.
3.Curdling milk in a microwave oven: Place 1 litre of milk in a microwave boiler. Close lid and cook on high for 6-7 minutes. Check that milk has come to a boil, otherwise boil for 2 minutes more. Add 1-2 tbsp. vinegar and stir. It should begin to curdle a little bit. Close lid and microwave on full again for 3-4 minutes. Once paneer and whey separate, proceed as below.
4.Rest of the process
5.Take the pan off the stove and allow to stand for a couple of minutes.
6.Place a muslin cloth or a large handkerchief over a colander or a large sieve and pour the curdled milk onto it.
7.Let the water drain away (some people like to save and use this water, which is whey, in cooking).
8.Lift the muslin by holding all the corners together and tie a knot at the top of the cheese, just above it.
9.Shape it into a ball by patting it gently all over.
10.Place on a flat draining board or in a sink and press with a weight. A pan filled with water will do very well as a weight. Leave for 1 to 2 hours. If you are using it in a recipe where you do not need cubes, you don't have to press it, hanging it is enough.
11.Pressed cheese is easier to cut into cubes. Take it out of the muslin. The block can be sliced, cut into squares or any other shape you want. It can even be mashed, if the recipe requires it.
12.To freeze the cubes , it is worth spreading them out on a plate/tray and freezing them for an hour or two, before putting them in a bag. This will stop them from getting stuck together and it will be easier to get only a handful out, when you need it.
13.Alternatively, you can deep fry the cubes, cool them and then freeze them in a bag, as shown in the first photo.

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